Echocardiograms may help with patient selection for transcatheter mitral valve repair: New research finds echocardiography valuable before and after procedure

Clinicians should use echocardiography, an ultrasound that shows the heart’s structure and function, when determining whether patients with heart failure and a leaking heart valve are likely to benefit from valve repair, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 68th Annual Scientific Session. The new study offers…

Refugee women have healthier pregnancies than US women — why? An unhealthy US culture: For African refugee women, acculturation may negatively impact health

African refugee women experience healthier pregnancies than women born in the United States, despite receiving less prenatal care, found a recent University at Buffalo study. Compared to U.S.-born black and white women, African refugee women had fewer pre-pregnancy health risks, fewer preterm births and higher rates of vaginal deliveries. Surprisingly,…

Non-invasive imaging technique valid for identifying small airway disease in lung: Discovery holds promise for developing urgently needed new therapies in COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an inflammatory disease of the small airways in the lungs, affects 16 million Americans and is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States, according to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI). Identifying small airway disease in its earliest stages, when…

Lower costs associated with late-preterm steroid therapy: Study adds evidence to benefits of treatment for women at risk of delivery between 34th and 36th weeks

An analysis of a previous study has found more evidence to support giving the steroid betamethasone to pregnant women at risk of late-preterm delivery (between 34 and 36 weeks of gestation), according to a network funded by the National Institutes of Health. Hospital stays for infants whose mothers received the…

How the microbiota controls neutrophil activity

A host protein called Serum Amyloid A (Saa) is a major factor mediating the effects of the microbiota on the function of immune cells called neutrophils, according to a study published March 7 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by John Rawls of Duke University School of Medicine, and colleagues….

Are mosaic embryos the ‘dark horse’ of IVF? Study in nonhuman primates gives new hope to people seeking infertility treatment; abnormal embryos can result in successful in vitro fertilization

Not every embryo contains 46 perfect chromosomes. Some have more, others have fewer. The result is a common abnormality known as aneuploidy, which occurs in as many as 80 percent of human embryos. Because aneuploidy has been linked to a risk of in vitro fertilization failure, miscarriage and certain genetic…

Drug interactions in ER’s common but preventable

In a recent Rutgers study, 38 percent of patients discharged from the emergency department had at least one drug interaction resulting from a newly prescribed medicine. The study, which was published in the American Journal of Emergency Medicine, identified the most common prescription drug combinations that may result in a…