Maternal microbes mediate diet-derived damage

New research in The Journal of Physiology has found, using a mouse model, that microbes in the maternal intestine may contribute to impairment of the gut barrier during pregnancy. Scientists previously thought the changes in maternal metabolism that happen during pregnancy were due entirely to pregnancy hormones. We now believe…

First birth after robot-assisted uterus transplant

A boy 48 centimeters long, weighing 2900 grams, is the first baby born after the technological shift in Gothenburg’s world-leading research on uterine transplantation. The birth, with the planned cesarean delivery (C-section), took place on Monday April 8th and the whole family is doing fine. “It’s a fantastic feeling to…

Refugee women have healthier pregnancies than US women — why? An unhealthy US culture: For African refugee women, acculturation may negatively impact health

African refugee women experience healthier pregnancies than women born in the United States, despite receiving less prenatal care, found a recent University at Buffalo study. Compared to U.S.-born black and white women, African refugee women had fewer pre-pregnancy health risks, fewer preterm births and higher rates of vaginal deliveries. Surprisingly,…

Lower costs associated with late-preterm steroid therapy: Study adds evidence to benefits of treatment for women at risk of delivery between 34th and 36th weeks

An analysis of a previous study has found more evidence to support giving the steroid betamethasone to pregnant women at risk of late-preterm delivery (between 34 and 36 weeks of gestation), according to a network funded by the National Institutes of Health. Hospital stays for infants whose mothers received the…

Are mosaic embryos the ‘dark horse’ of IVF? Study in nonhuman primates gives new hope to people seeking infertility treatment; abnormal embryos can result in successful in vitro fertilization

Not every embryo contains 46 perfect chromosomes. Some have more, others have fewer. The result is a common abnormality known as aneuploidy, which occurs in as many as 80 percent of human embryos. Because aneuploidy has been linked to a risk of in vitro fertilization failure, miscarriage and certain genetic…

Infant sleep duration associated with mother’s level of education and prenatal depression: Findings show greater support for mothers who experience prenatal depression or cesarean delivery may be warranted

A new study analyzing data from Canadian parents has found that babies sleep less at three months of age if their mothers do not have a university degree, experienced depression during pregnancy or had an emergency cesarean-section delivery. The study, which examined associations between a mother’s level of education, prenatal…

First pregnancy after robot-assisted uterus transplant

The well-known research on uterine transplantation in Gothenburg is now supported by robotic surgery. This change has made operating on the donors considerably less invasive. After the technical modification, a first woman is now pregnant. “I think robotic surgery has a great future in this area,” says Mats Brännström, Professor…