High blood pressure is also known as hypertension and can quietly damage the body for years before warning signs develop. Having uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to disability or a heart attack. There are two body parts most affected by hypertension which could be fatal. What are they?
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High blood pressure can cause many problems for the heart said Mayo Clinic.
The site continued: “Problems with the heart could include coronary artery disease due to arteries being narrowed and damaged by high blood pressure causing trouble with the supply of blood to the heart.
“When blood cannot flow freely to the heart, you can have chest pain, irregular heart rhythms or a heart attack.
“An enlarged left heart is another problem with the heart as high blood pressure forces your heart to work harder to pump blood to the rest of your body.
“This causes part of your heart to thicken and a thickened left ventricle increases your risk of heart attack, heart failure and sudden cardiac death.”
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How to improve your heart health
Lifestyle changes can significantly reduce high blood pressure and reduce risk on one’s heart.
Ensuring you are getting the required amount of exercise per week will help strengthen your heart.
As a person regularly exercises so their heart and breathing rates increase.
Over time, the heart is able to become significantly stronger with blood pumping throughout the body.
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Kidneys filter excess fluid and waste from your blood – a process that requires healthy blood vessels.
Having high blood pressure can damage the blood vessels, and this leads to damage in the kidneys.
Kidney problems caused by high blood pressure include kidney scarring.
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Mayo Clinic said: “This type of kidney damage occurs when the tiny blood vessels within the kidney become scarred and unable to effectively filter fluid and waste from your blood.
“Glomerulosclerosis can lead to kidney failure.
“High blood pressure is one of the most common causes of kidney failure as damaged blood vessels prevent kidneys from effectively filtering waste from your blood, allowing dangerous levels of fluid and waste to accumulate.
“You might ultimately require dialysis or a kidney transplantation.”
How to improve your kidney health
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said: “Keep your blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg.
“If your blood pressure is high, check it regularly and get it under control to make sure your kidneys stay healthy.
“Take medications as instructed and ask your doctor about blood pressure medicines called ACE inhibitors and ARBs, which may protect your kidneys in addition to lowering blood pressure.
“Talk to your doctor about medicines that harm your kidneys and other ways to lower blood pressure.”
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