Spahns Plan is: in the Future, to be implemented at airports Corona-duty tests for travellers returning from certain areas at risk. But what is the test of duty brings? You can implement? And holidaymakers may be forced to do so?
Gradually, in the German länder of the summer holidays. Crisis management in times of pandemic, a new and delicate Phase begins, because: millions of German citizens have not spent the free days at home, but abroad.
For holiday returnees from certain areas at risk, Minister of health, Jens Spahn (CDU) will, therefore, introduce in the future, and mandatory Testing. In order to avoid that the tourists bring the Virus from areas with a particularly high Corona-risk, and new foci of infection over Germany to distribute. So far, many questions are still open.
What exactly is planned?
Federal Minister of health, Jens Spahn, announced a General Test requirement for nationals of high-risk areas. The corresponding arrangement is expected to occur in the coming week. The exact date of the politician is not named on Monday in the ARD”morning magazine” but: “We have a first draft,” said the CDU politician. “We want to vote for the good also with the countries, as the need to be on site at the airports or at the stations lived. And that’s why I think it’s important to do it well.“
Spahn stressed that, so far, for every entry compulsory to two weeks of quarantine from the risk areas applicable. “What added to this is a compulsory testing, either prior to departure or after travel to Germany within 72 hours to his health authority or to the authority that it calls for. He must prove that he has made a Test and tested negative were, respectively, positive in quarantine.“
What is considered a risk area, is in a list, which leads the Robert-Koch-Institute (RKI). In the recent Version, it ranges from Afghanistan and Egypt via the USA to the Central African Republic. Also, the EU country Luxembourg is.
- Also read: Several vacation destinations including: These countries are now Corona-risk areas
Such a duty is legally possible?
Yes, experts say. “Anyone who travels in high-risk areas, must expect, that after a Test on him could get,” says legal scholar Thorsten Kingreen, University of Regensburg. Such interference in the right to physical integrity was reasonable and constitutionally legitimate.
Also, the lawyer Sebastian Kluckert of the University of Wuppertal considers this to be legitimate. The Federal Ministry of health points had been changed to clause 5 of the infection protection act, which were recently for the Exception, such as Corona. Accordingly, the Federal government can make a medical examination upon Entry from risk areas to the obligation – exclusively to the detection and prevention of the spread of a threatening communicable disease.
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What happens if I refuse?
Mandatory Corona-Tests for travel returnees could be, according to the police Union GdP, as a last resort from the police force enforced. “We have to ultimately enforce the law and end up with forced”,-said Deputy head of the police Union (GdP), Jörg Radek, the editorial network in Germany. “If the management arrangement for the Corona-mandatory Testing, forced by set, is the task of the police.” The decision had to be made at the country level.
The trade unionists called on travelers to cooperate. “The mandatory Testing requires a high level of understanding of the population, because such a Test is an intervention in the physical integrity,” said Radek. “Basically, you have to strike the balance between the physical integrity of the Individual and the interests of the company. Here we have a case that we had not in the society yet.“ But he expected with the willingness to volunteer Corona-Tests, – said Radek.
- All of the new developments to the outbreak of the Coronavirus you read in the News Ticker
What Tests to bring in principle?
In the case of a Coronavirus-Test trained staff takes a swab from the mouth, nose, or throat. This is also just a snapshot in time but directly after that you can get. The CDU health expert Karin Maag called for in the SWR: “For me such a Test, the quarantine must be repeated, must be taken after the incubation period of five to seven days.” Otherwise, there is no absolute security.
Patrick Larscheid, who is the medical officer for the airport Berlin-Tegel responsible, recently warned with views of the airport test: “This test does not manage security.” He complained: “It is certain that in this way, the time window of infection is recorded.”
- Read also: Germany in the Corona-trial-Chaos: those Who fulfilled 1 of the 6 criteria, should smear
Who would pay for the mandatory tests?
The traveler costs of the mandatory tests, nothing. Chancellery chief Helge Braun argued on Monday in rbb-info radio before the Spahns announcement: “If the state orders something, then he can do that, and more, at the expense of the person.” The exact funding is still to be determined – other Corona-Tests to pay the statutory health insurance funds, the Federal government has, however, announced grants.
To the costs, but there was already criticism. The North Rhine-Westphalian health Minister Karl-Josef Laumann (CDU), wants to make Concerned the cost in the invoice. Also, FDP leader Christian Lindner said: “Whoever goes out in an area at risk voluntarily as a Tourist, will need to take in purchase that he paid for the Test.”
How many people would be affected?
Hard to say, but it is likely to go only to a rather small part of all foreign holidaymakers. After all, who travels in spite of Corona in a country, the numbers in the RKI due to high case-risk area, classify, must in the case of the return, now 14 days in quarantine. Unless he has a negative Test. And Holiday hotspots such as Italy or Austria are not currently on the list – but that may change.
Since last week back can sweep from risk areas at several German airports to voluntarily test. In the future, there should be at all German airports test stations. Bayern also built at the highway border crossings to Austria and at Munich and Nuremberg main station is a voluntary test stations. Last weekend was already over 10,000 people to test.
Generally speaking, it is not the need of Tests on the Einreiseweg, explained Chancellery chief brown – but it, where you come from. Since the risk-list mainly includes countries outside of Europe, may be the focus of the compulsory tests, especially at airports.
House doctors Association criticized mandatory Testing: "Like a bad Scherz"
A number of organizational questions, however, remain still open. The German medical Association criticized the feasibility of the return of tests massively. Because the implementation of the duty to not only test stations, at airports or railway stations, but also relates to practices the in-house doctor. For example, if holidaymakers with a car or Camper traveling. “I don’t think the Responsible is aware of what means testing in practice,” said the Confederation’s Chairman, Ulrich Weigeldt.
“Here is an example: Monday morning the phone rings – in the best case, on the phone, Mr. Schmidt; in the worst case, he stands with the whole family suddenly in the middle of the waiting room where other patients are waiting. You are since Friday, back from vacation, and now time is of the essence, because the 72 hours to test, ends in the afternoon. What can do the doctor now? In the best case, he gets the patient somewhere, and he must, of course, utmost care must be taken to keep the risk of infection for the other patients as low as possible. Then it’s time to protective equipment wear, smear taking and consultation on hygiene measures, validity of the Tests and their consequence will lead. In the connection then the spaces to ventilate and disinfect.“
Consider this entire treatment complex, then the 15 euros, the house doctor, home doctors for the smear should have had, “like a joke”. “This is a low estimate of what the members here to do and make”, criticized Weigeldt. “This is apart unclear whether the family doctors have the resources to afford this, and on the regulation on the provision of the compromise required may be.”
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